Introduction of Steps in the Foundation Repair Process | What Is the Step Foundation Repair Process | What Steps Do Foundation Repair Contractors Take | How Does Foundation Repair Work

All About Foundation Repair Process

Introduction of Steps in the Foundation Repair Process

Introduction of Steps in the Foundation Repair Process

Foundation contractors have been using the 5-step foundation repair process for years. You have to ask questions before hiring a contractor to fix your foundation, which might be costly.

It’s a good idea to research what the surgery comprises and the techniques for repair. The foundation repair technique we utilize is done in five steps for a reason, and it’s very prevalent in Texas.

The only time a repairman will enter your property is to inspect the final elevations unless you require inside foundation piers.

What Is the Step Foundation Repair Process?

What Is the Step Foundation Repair Process

Contractors in the Dallas, Fort Worth, and Arlington, TX areas utilize it to repair foundations. This method is carried out in a sequential manner.

A foundation repair contractor can reduce the cost of any repairs and ensure that the procedure is carried out correctly by employing this approach. Creating a structure level necessitates prior experience.

Because the price is always a factor, it’s a good idea to inquire about foundation repair charges. The cost of doing the procedure might be as little as $2,000 or as high as $10,000.

The cost of fixing some foundations can exceed $15,000 in extreme cases. On certain foundations, the five steps can be somewhat involved. This is why, prior to getting your foundation repaired, you should inquire about expenses.

When Performing Repairs Using This Method, Foundation Contractors Execute the Five Procedures Below:

  • Examine your foundation for repairs:
  • Give you lots a contractor quote for foundation repairs or any other contractor services that may be required as part of the project.
  • If necessary, get a structural engineer’s report on your foundation as soon as feasible.
  • Make repairs to the foundation of your home or business. You’ll want to learn more about Dallas, Fort Worth foundation repair companies that use a 5-step process.
  • When the procedure is over, clean up the job site. Our system for repairing repairs is really effective.

Also Read: How to Identify Common Signs of Foundation Problems in Houses or Commercial Buildings?

What Steps Do Foundation Repair Contractors Take?

What Steps Do Foundation Repair Contractors Take

contractors prepare the job by putting down tarps, removing plants from around the foundation, and disconnecting specific utilities. There will be less mess if you do it this way.

Digging Holes Around the Foundation

Digging Holes Around the Foundation

As part of the fifth phase in conducting necessary foundation repairs, the contractor will dig holes around the perimeter of your foundation or, if interior piers are required, holes will be dug immediately underneath your house.

As practically every contractor will tell you, this will take some time. These actions necessitate having a contractor strip out the carpet on top of the foundation and tear apart pieces of your concrete slab foundation to perform these actions. This is done so that the piers can be installed before the foundation is fixed.

Putting the Foundation in Place

Putting the Foundation in Place

During this stage of the 5-step procedure, concrete or steel piers are erected. Our workers will need to enter your property if interior foundation piers are erected as part of the repairs.

The installation of exterior piers does not necessitate gaining access to your home. Contractors will gradually lift the structure. This necessitates the use of hydraulic jacks and concrete piers or steel piers installed beneath the foundation by the contractor.

The house is then placed on top of the foundation piers to provide stability. Steel shims may be installed under the foundation by your foundation repair contractor. The next stage of the procedure entails something else, but that’s all part of the house foundation repair process.

Covering Holes

Covering Holes

During the fourth phase, the skilled team or contractor will ensure that all holes drilled under or around your foundation are covered with the soil that was previously removed.

Because the earth contracts when it rains or floods, after foundation restoration, the dirt around your foundation should be heaped higher than usual. This allows the dirt to gradually sink into the holes over time. It could take a year or longer to fully compress. Excess soil should not be a cause for concern.

After the repairs have been finished, clean up around the foundation by removing tarps and debris and restoring the plants that were previously removed. The process is complete once your specialist has completed all five phases included in the repairs.

Also Read: Wet Slab Foundation Drainage Issues and Prevention

How Does Foundation Repair Work?

How Does Foundation Repair Work

Plan Development

Plan Development

The first step in foundation restoration is to devise a strategy. When a foundation repair professional inspects your home, they will usually devise a basic plan for where your home requires additional support in order to hold it up and return to its former position.

The repair plan will specify the sites where the support will be installed as well as the number of support locations required. The supports are usually found along a portion of the home’s perimeter.

Support positions are typically 7 feet apart, depending on the method, and run around the perimeter of the house. In roughly 10% of cases, you may also require support beneath the middle section of the house.

Support Installation

Support Installation

We discuss two basic types of support systems in this section because they are the most common in our Central Texas region.

The supports beneath your house are known as “underpinning” in engineering language. However, depending on the method utilized for foundation restoration, they are more usually referred to as “piers” or “pilings.”

These piers or pilings are tall and cylindrical, like columns on a beautiful plantation-style home’s front porch. Imagine your house being supported by stilts beneath it, but the stilts are underground.

In the case of piers, also known as bell-bottom piers, the supports are built underneath by digging and drilling, then pouring concrete. If using pilings, also known as pressed piles, hydraulic pressure is used to drive pre-formed concrete chunks into the ground.

Home Raising

Home Raising

The foundation repair contractor will then raise the sunken areas of the home and check that the foundation has been restored to its previous elevation after putting the supports in the ground.

The home is elevated using the pressed pile method by the tension of the pile in the ground pushing up on it. This is similar to how a spring holds a battery in place when you insert it into a device. The earth is represented by the spring, while the battery is represented by the compacted pile.

The house is elevated using jacks, kept in place by this spring-like tension, and shimmed to ensure proper height. As part of the bell bottom pier method, the support pier is used as a starting point for raising the home’s foundation.

As a result of the placement and use of hydraulic jacks, a home can be raised to its proper position. Shims are then hammered into place to secure the home’s elevation.



Some homes are not elevated back to their former position but are instead supported in their current position. In the short term, stabilizing a home might keep it from moving or sinking more.

When a home has already been remodeled with fine finishes that a homeowner wouldn’t want to damage, stabilization is preferred over elevating. It’s possible that the lifting process would cause damage to newly refinished walls, woodwork, cabinetry, or built-ins or worktops and backsplashes in a remodeled home.

As a result, everything was installed while the house wasn’t in the appropriate place. Consequently, moving the house will force all the finished work to be moved, which will result in further troubles and repairs for the homeowner.

Also Read: Cracks in Brick House

Foundation Remediation

Foundation Remediation

Unacceptable total or differential settlements are the most likely cause of foundation remediation. Small, private things, residential or commercial buildings, or infrastructure objects are not exempt from the problem and should be given more attention.

Caused by a Number of Factors, Including:

  • Exceeding the Permitted Stress Limit
  • Excessive Foundation Settlement
  • Changes in Groundwater Flow
  • Stormwater Effects
  • Consolidation Settling;
  • Undercutting the Foundation
  • Change in a Static System

Commonly Used Foundation Remediation Technologies Are:

  • Foundation Remediation by Concrete Underpinning
  • Foundation Remediation with Jet Grouting
  • Foundation Remediation with Micro Piles
  • Foundation Remediation by Using Expanding Geopolymers

Foundation Stabilization Methods

Foundation Stabilization Methods

Steel Piers

Steel Piers

Most structural experts will recommend this foundation repair for your property. This is a tried-and-true way of repairing a foundation that has begun to shift or sink into shaky ground.

Large galvanized or epoxy-coated steel pipes are linked together in this way. The steel piers will be driven deep into the stable, load-bearing earth beneath your home by a structural engineer using a hydraulic ram. To avoid further settlement, this foundation repair will lift and support your home.

Helical: Steel Piers

Helical: Steel Piers

Steel pipes having spiral blades on the bottom ends are known as helical steel piers. One or more helixes (spirals) are affixed to the pipe’s front part.

This will provide the steel pipes with the required bearing capacity. The piles will be twisted into the earth with a hydraulic torque motor in this sort of foundation rehabilitation. Because of the helixes on the lower ends of the steel pipes, they do not need to be as deep as driven piers.

Concrete Press Piles

Concrete Press Piles

These are prefabricated concrete columns that are inserted into the ground beneath the existing foundation. These are far faster to install than the other options we’ll cover in this article.

They can be utilized right away after they’ve been installed. They do not require the same amount of time to harden as poured concrete piers. They are not, however, attached to the home’s foundation, unlike steel piers.

This increases the likelihood of the concrete piles shifting over time. You’ll save money for now, but only time will tell whether you’ll have to pay for another foundation repair in the future.

Concrete Piers

Concrete Piers

Concrete piers are constructed by pouring concrete into holes drilled beneath the home’s existing foundation. This foundation restoration method is messier and more labor-intensive than the others.

To complete a proper installation, the process takes about three weeks. It takes time for the concrete to harden properly, and nothing can obstruct this process.

After the concrete piers have hardened, the house is lowered onto them. This strategy makes determining when these piers have reached the load-bearing ground beneath the foundation extremely challenging.



This is a type of concrete restoration that is commonly used to raise minor concrete layouts. This is used to raise things like sidewalks, garages, and basement floors, among other things.

Drilling holes in the existing concrete slab and pouring a concrete mixture underneath to provide another level of stabilization is how this is done.

This is not a method for repairing a house foundation. You should call another firm if a foundation repair specialist recommends this as a cheap option. While this procedure works well for minor concrete layouts, it is not suggested for foundation rehabilitation.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Is Foundation Repair Worth It

Or perhaps you are considering purchasing a home with a busted foundation or even a recently fixed foundation and you want to know if it’s worth the investment. The truth: foundation repair always increases home value. A failed foundation can detract anywhere from 10% to 20% of your home’s total value.

Can You Live in a House During Foundation Repair?

Many homeowners want to know if they can remain inside their homes throughout the duration of their foundation repair. The answer is “yes.” You can stay inside your home; no need to check your family into a hotel or stay with relatives.

Repair Concrete Wall Crumbling

When concrete walls start to crumble, don’t panic. Patch. Basement walls often bear the brunt of a wet Oregon winter, flaking and crumbling. You can repair the damage by brushing on a bonding agent that lets new concrete stick to the old, then patching the wall.

Side Effects of Foundation Repair

The first negative side effect is that you will likely develop more cracks in the walls and slab than you did not have prior to any foundation repair. Ideally, when you push up on the foundation the cracks should close, but in actuality the way the lifting operations are done will result in additional cracks.

How Long to Wait After Foundation Repair?

You should wait 45 days after foundation repairs before you start planning any cosmetic repairs. That’s because, usually, over two-thirds of the cracks come together. The remainder will stay the same or get worse over time.

Life After Foundation Repair

You may still have visible cracks in your walls or bricks after the repair. Wait a few weeks after the foundation repair to see if there are any changes to the existing cracks and to see if new ones develop. After the foundation settles you can begin filling in the cracks.

Carbon Fiber Straps Foundation Repair Cost

There are different types of foundation repair solutions. Solutions like wall plate anchors, helical tieback anchors, c-channel anchors, and carbon fiber straps can cost around $5,000 to $15,000 on average. Solutions like epoxy crack injection and carbon fiber staples can cost around $500 to $2,000.

House Foundation Repair Techniques

Best Methods of Foundation Repair
  • Underpinning.
  • Shimming using supplemental piers.
  • Foundation wall repair.
  • Water Management.
  • Shimming using existing piers.
  • Grouting.
  • Mudjacking or polyurethane jacking.
  • Stabilizing foundation soil.

Foundation Stabilization Cost

Expect stabilization price to be between $1,000 and $25,000, depending on the exact materials used. Stabilization can be anything from reinforcing the walls to underpinning to mudjacking. It depends on what causes the issue, so the price may vary drastically.

Step-By-Step Guide to Foundation Repair Process

Foundation repair can be broken down into six easy steps; site preparation, excavation, ramming, leveling, backfill, and cleanup. While this is a birds-eye view of the process, it will hopefully take foundation repair from a frightening process to just another home repair project.

Timeline for Completing Foundation Repair

The average residential slab foundation repair takes about 1-3 days to complete.

Cost Breakdown of Foundation Repair Steps

The cost breakdown of foundation repair steps can vary depending on the specific needs and condition of the foundation, as well as factors such as location, size of the property, and the extent of the damage. However, I can provide you with a general overview of the typical steps involved in foundation repair and the associated costs. Keep in mind that these are rough estimates and actual costs may differ.

Inspection and Assessment:
The first step is to hire a professional foundation contractor to assess the damage and determine the appropriate repair method. The cost for inspection and assessment can range from $300 to $800, depending on the complexity of the project and the location.

Soil Testing:
In some cases, soil testing is required to evaluate the soil composition and determine its impact on the foundation. Soil testing costs can vary but typically range from $500 to $1,500.

Foundation Underpinning:
Underpinning is a common repair method that involves strengthening and stabilizing the foundation. There are various underpinning techniques, such as concrete piers, steel piers, or helical piers. The cost of foundation underpinning can range from $1,000 to $3,000 per pier, depending on the type of pier and the number required. The total cost will depend on the extent of the foundation damage and the number of piers needed.

Foundation Leveling:
If the foundation has settled or shifted, it may require leveling. This process involves lifting and repositioning the foundation to restore its levelness. Foundation leveling costs can vary significantly depending on the complexity and size of the project. On average, you can expect to pay between $1,000 and $3,000 per pier.

Crack Repair:
Cracks in the foundation may need to be repaired to prevent further damage and water intrusion. The cost of crack repair can vary based on the size and severity of the cracks. Small cracks may be relatively inexpensive to fix with epoxy or polyurethane injections, ranging from $500 to $1,500. However, larger or more extensive cracks may require more involved repairs, which can cost several thousand dollars.

Waterproofing the foundation can help prevent moisture-related issues and further damage. The cost of waterproofing can depend on the chosen method, such as installing a French drain, exterior waterproofing membranes, or interior sealants. The average cost for waterproofing a foundation can range from $2,000 to $10,000 or more, depending on the complexity of the project.

Restoration and Cleanup:
After the foundation repair is complete, there may be some restoration and cleanup costs involved, such as repairing landscaping, replacing flooring, or repainting walls. The extent of these costs will depend on the specific repairs performed and the level of damage caused by the foundation issues.

Finding Reputable Contractors for Foundation Repair

When looking for reputable contractors for foundation repair, it’s important to take your time and conduct thorough research. Here are some steps you can follow to find reliable contractors:

  • Seek recommendations: Start by asking friends, family, neighbors, or colleagues if they have any experience with foundation repair contractors. Personal recommendations can be valuable as they come from trusted sources.
  • Online research: Utilize online resources to find local contractors specializing in foundation repair. Visit their websites to gather information about their services, experience, and customer testimonials. Look for contractors who have been in business for a significant amount of time and have positive reviews.
  • Check licensing and insurance: Verify that the contractors you’re considering are licensed and insured. A reputable contractor will be happy to provide proof of licensing and insurance coverage. This ensures they meet the necessary requirements to perform the work and protects you from potential liability.
  • Read reviews and ratings: Look for independent reviews and ratings on websites such as Google, Yelp, or Angie’s List. These platforms often provide insights into the experiences of previous customers and can help you gauge the reputation of the contractors you’re considering.
  • Request references: Don’t hesitate to ask contractors for references from past clients. Contact those references and inquire about their experience with the contractor, the quality of work, and their overall satisfaction.
  • Obtain multiple estimates: Contact several contractors to request estimates for the foundation repair project. This will allow you to compare prices, services offered, and the approach each contractor proposes for your specific needs.
  • Interview potential contractors: Schedule meetings with the contractors you’re considering. Use this opportunity to discuss your project in detail, ask questions about their experience, and gauge their professionalism and knowledge. Pay attention to how well they communicate and address your concerns.
  • Verify warranties and guarantees: Inquire about the warranties or guarantees offered by the contractors. A reputable contractor should provide warranties on both the materials used and the workmanship.
  • Check with local authorities: Contact your local building department or consumer protection agency to ensure there are no complaints or legal issues against the contractors you’re considering.
  • Trust your instincts: Ultimately, trust your instincts when choosing a contractor. If something feels off or you have reservations about a particular contractor, it’s best to explore other options.

Understanding Permits and Regulations in Foundation Repair

Permits and regulations for foundation repair can vary depending on your location and the specific nature of the work being done. Here are some general guidelines to help you understand the permitting process and regulations involved in foundation repair:

  • Research local regulations: Start by researching the building codes and regulations specific to your area. Building codes are typically enforced at the local level, so check with your city or county government to understand the requirements for foundation repair projects.
  • Determine permit requirements: Find out if a permit is required for the type of foundation repair you plan to undertake. In some cases, minor repairs may not require a permit, but major structural repairs or additions usually do. Permits are typically required to ensure that the work meets safety standards and is in compliance with local regulations.
  • Contact the building department: Reach out to your local building department or permitting office to inquire about the specific requirements for foundation repair permits. They can provide you with the necessary information, application forms, and guidance on the process.
  • Consult with professionals: If you’re unsure about whether a permit is needed or how to navigate the permitting process, consider consulting with a structural engineer or a reputable foundation repair contractor. They can assess your project and advise you on the necessary permits and regulations.
  • Prepare permit documentation: Once you determine that a permit is required, you will typically need to provide certain documentation as part of the application process. This may include detailed plans, engineering reports, specifications, and other relevant information about the repair work.
  • Submit the permit application: Complete the permit application form and submit it to the appropriate building department along with the required documentation. Pay any associated fees that may be required with the permit application.
  • Wait for approval: After submitting your permit application, it will be reviewed by the building department. The review process ensures that your project complies with safety regulations and building codes. The timeframe for permit approval can vary, so be prepared for some waiting time.
  • Obtain the permit: If your permit application is approved, you will receive the permit. This document will outline the specific scope of work allowed and any conditions or requirements that must be met during the repair process.
  • Follow regulations during the repair: Once you have the permit, make sure to adhere to the approved plans and any stipulations outlined in the permit. Follow all safety regulations, building codes, and guidelines provided by the local authorities.
  • Inspections: Depending on local regulations, you may be required to schedule inspections at different stages of the foundation repair project. These inspections are conducted by building department officials to ensure the work is being done properly and meets the necessary standards.

Foundation Repair Methods

  • Polyurethane Foam Jacking. This foundation repair process uses polyurethane foam material to lift and support a sunken concrete slab foundation.
  • Concrete Pressed Piling.
  • Steel Piers.
  • Helical Piers.
  • Concrete Piers.
  • Slabjacking/Mudjacking.

Foundation Repair Cost

Overall, the cost of foundation repair tends to be between $2,000 and $7,500, with a national average of $4,500. You may be able to have very small cracks filled with epoxy for a few hundred dollars, but severe foundation problems can run you up to $15,000 to $25,000.

Can You Live in a House During Foundation Repair?

You won’t need to leave your home while foundation repairs are being performed. So, living in a house during a foundation repair is the norm. Yes, there will be some noise from hydraulic pumps, generators, from the work being performed. However, in some cases you won’t notice much disturbance overall.

Bell Bottom Piers Cost

A minimal drilled bell-bottom pier foundation repair project that only touches on a small part of your home would be between $7,000 to $9,000. A more average-sized repair that needs partial work around the perimeter of the home would run you from $13,000 to $18,000.

How Long to Wait After Foundation Repair?

You should wait 45 days after foundation repairs before you start planning any cosmetic repairs. That’s because, usually, over two-thirds of the cracks come together. The remainder will stay the same or get worse over time.

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