All About Egress Window | What Is Egress Window | What Is Window Well | Types of Egress Window

All About Egress Window

Introduction of Egress Window

There are many types of windows but egress windows are a standard feature in any construction nowadays.

Although both basement and attic conversions are different, one thing is common to both. The common component of both is the egress window.

The most compelling thing is to install an exit window in the basement or basement. Getting extra space by converting an incomplete attic or basement into a living space is a wise thing to do.

Safety is the most basic need of everyone. So every bedroom in the house must have an exit window. In the event of a fire or other emergency.

the exit window is not only a means of protection for the occupants of the house but also a gateway for firefighters or other first responders.

The egress window offers many other benefits in addition to the basic need for safety. It also provides lighting, ventilation, and exterior views.

Also, Read: How to Fix a Squeaky Stair

What Is Egress Window?

What Is Egress Window

The name of this window indicates its purpose. E + GRESS means the means or place of going out.

An egress window is a window large enough to enter or exit a house in an emergency. This window is usually required in the basement and is attached to a ladder attached to the egress well or steps for easy exit.

Window well escape systems are a security requirement and Well craft is a complete system that can be used to turn a basement into a bright, comfortable living room or bedroom in addition to maintaining the safety of the occupants.

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What Is Window Well?

What Is Window Well

A window well is a rectangular, semicircular, or elliptical shape that is a shield and sits inside a deep dug out of the ground around the basement window.

The material used is galvanized steel or polyethylene and flanges on both sides are useful for attaching the foundation of the house.

Window wells are used in both basement windows and exit windows to protect against the harmful effects of rocks, dirt, and moisture.

The exit window well needs to be larger than a regular well to provide enough space for residents to exit easily. If the well is too deep for a person to get out easily, it is also necessary to equip it with a ladder.

Also Read: All About Glass Block Windows | Use of Glass Block Window | Types of Glass Blocks Windows

Basement Windows in Older Homes

Basement Windows in Older Homes

Basements in homes built before World War II were not designed to be used as sleeping or living areas. At that time it was used for laundry and storage.

Older homes are more likely to have narrow windows in the basement and are also known as window hopper windows.

These windows are useful for fresh air and open to the inside but these windows are small and do not provide an escape route as well as a bedroom or living space in the basement.

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Specification of Window

Specification of Window

Size and accessibility are the most important thing about outgoing windows. The window should be at least 20 inches wide and 24 inches high and the total area should be at least 5.7 square feet. It is important to keep in mind that the bottom of this window should not be more than 44 inches from the floor.

Minimum Opening Area
5.7 sq. ft.
Minimum Opening Height
24 inches
Minimum Opening Width
20 inches
Sill Height of Window Above Floor
Not to exceed 44 inches

How to Install Egress Window?

How to Install Egress Window

When installing egress windows in the basement based on the building code, it is important to make sure that this window meets certain requirements.

The egress window should open easily to the outside of the foundation and the foundation must be at least 36 inches wide. It is important to note that the foundation provides at least 9 square feet of space when the window is open.

Horizontal Dimensions 9 sq. ft.
Horizontal Projection 36 inches

There should be at least 6 inches of space between the windowsill and the bottom of the window well, and if the well is more than 44 inches deep, a ladder should be arranged.

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Why Do We Need a Contractor to Install Egress Window?

Why Do We Need a Contractor to Install Egress Window

Installing egress windows in the masonry wall in the basement is more difficult and more expensive. To locate the window.

the basement has to be dug out of the wall and a deep window well has to be made which can provide full access to the window. The foundation wall needs to be cut to create a rough opening of a size suitable for window installation.

Cutting masonry wall requires special tools, and this work is difficult as well as messy. Determining the size of the opening in the foundation wall is also not easy as it needs to include wooden framing members such as pressure-treated studs, seals, and headers.

These framing members work to give the foundation reinforcement as well as nailing surfaces for window installation. The desired type of window well enclosure on the exterior of the foundation is the most important factor when installing a basement egress window.

A certain type of enclosure is required for appearance and to hold the soil around the window. Due to these factors, most people prefer to have this type of work done by a contractor.

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Factory Made Window Well

Factory Made Window Well

Window enclosures can be made using concrete blocks or a pressure-treated landscape tie, but it is easiest to purchase and install a prefabricated window that is compatible with the exit window.

There are many different factory-made window wells available. Some of these include code-required steps or ladders and clear plastic caps.

This is necessary because it prevents snow and rain from filling the well. Prefabricated units are easy to install as they are made with wide flanges and are secured to the base wall with masonry fasteners.

Also, Read: What Is a Half Circle Window Called

Egress Basement Window Installation Procedure

Egress Basement Window Installation Procedure

Egress Window Installation Steps Are as Follows.

Step 1. Once the foundation has been opened, it is necessary to prepare a new opening for the rough framing required to install the window. Any gaps or uneven surfaces around the cut openings in the foundation should be filled.

Step 2. Before attaching the window framing lumber to the masonry with construction adhesive and masonry fasteners, make sure that the masonry start is smooth and square.

Step 3. Some additional mortar should be used to tilt the bottom of the masonry so that the water flows smoothly outwards. Care should be taken to ensure that the sides of the framed opening are plumb as well as the threshold and header level.

Step 4. If necessary, plastic shims should be inserted between the framing and masonry to properly complete the rough opening. The joints between wood and masonry should be well cooled to prevent water intrusion.

Step 5. The window can then be installed by attaching the nailing flanges to the outside of the framed opening. Hot-dipped galvanized nails or corrosion-resistant screws must be used. Exterior trim can be installed using a synthetic trim board after the window is fastened in place.

Step 6. To finish the exterior of the work, spread a little clean gravel on the floor of the window and backfill around the outside of the well enclosure.

Step 7. If the cover for the window is not well purchased then it is necessary to make the right cover and fit it in the right place as the cover helps to prevent children from falling into the well and keeping the inside dry during wet weather.

Also, Read: What Is a Half Circle Window Called

Egress Window Replacement

Egress Window Replacement

Some homes are still built in the old style with basement windows but are not able to meet the requirement as they do not have the right size.

Because of this, it does not fit as an egress window. Smaller windows are not suitable as an escape route and in terms of energy efficiency.

Another thing is that old windows are not in good condition and can cause problems like rust and moisture. The area around this window is unusable so these windows are of no use.

With all these things in mind, it is advisable to replace the old small size window with a new Egress basement window.

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Types of Egress Windows

Types of Egress Windows

Here, the different types of egress windows are as follows.

  • Casement Egress Window.
  • Awning Egress Window.
  • Horizontal or Sliding Egress Window.

1. Casement Egress Window

Casement Egress Window

There are also two types of casement windows:

  • In-Swing Casement
  • Out-Swing Casement

In both cases, the pane is attached to the hinge on the side of the frame and swings inwards or outwards.

2. Awning Egress Window

Awning Egress Window

The pane in the awning window is attached to the top of the window frame by a hinge and opens outwards.

3. Horizontal or Sliding Egress Window

Horizontal or Sliding Egress Window

In sliding windows, panes slide along the tracks above and below of the window frame.

In the same way, in a horizontal sliding window, panes slide up or down along the tracks on either side of the frame.

Also, Read: Old House Foundations

Basement Egress Window Installation Cost

Basement Egress Window Installation Cost

The estimated cost for installing a basement egress window depends on the type of window, window material, labor cost, etc. Basement windows are usually casement windows, horizontal or sliding windows.

Estimated costs for installing a basement window can range from $ 2550 to $ 5350.

Basement window installation involves a lengthy process such as buying a window, obtaining a permit, digging, selecting materials, bringing labor, etc. Based on all these factors, the total installation cost of a window is determined.

Window Types Window Cost
Casement Window $ 200 to $ 500
Horizontal or Sliding Window $ 150 to $ 700

Also Read: All About Folding Windows | What Is Folding Window | Types of Folding Window | Sizes of Folding Window and Specifications

Advantages of Egress Window

Advantages of Egress Window

Here, Is the List of Basement Egress Window’s Pros as Follows.

1. Safety

There is no cost to family safety. The death toll from accidents such as fires is increasing every year. The basement is also being used differently so an egress window is required in such a place as part of safety.

2. Design

In earlier times, basement windows were seen with small sizes and old designs. But now these windows are available in many different designs and different window types.

Favorite basement windows can now be installed using a variety of materials. Innovation in design, material, and window type makes this window beautiful.

3. Comfort

The image of a dark and dirty place comes to mind as soon as the idea of ​​a basement comes to mind. This window is the best option to make such a basement livable space.

This window fills the basement with sunlight and air. Therefore an egress window is required to convert the basement into a comfort area.

4. Increasing Home Value

This window has become a basic necessity in modern times. Installing such a basement window in the house makes the house stand out compared to other houses. Thus this window proves to be helpful in increasing the selling price of the house.

Also, Read: How to Fix Squeaky Wooden Stairs

Disadvantages of Egress Window

Disadvantages of Egress Window

Here, Is the List of Basement Egress Window’s Cons as Follows.

1. Difficult to Install

There are many inconveniences to installing this window. The installation process is very long and can be a hassle. Installing this window requires hard work, such as digging and wall cutting.

2. Expensive to Install

It costs a lot to install this window. The cost of installing this window depends on the type of window, window material, excavation, labor, etc. As a result, the amount of cost becomes very large.

3. Moisture Problem

If the well is not deep enough to install this window, a moisture problem may arise. How far is the sewer line from the window well and whether the basement drainage system is installed or not, etc. have to be taken into consideration.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Best Egress Window Company

Thrasher Egress Windows

Awning Egress Window

An awning egress window is an awning-type window that acts as an egress. This window can be installed wherever needed.

Great Escape Egress Windows and Wells

If the egress window is made according to its specification it works as an excellent egress window. Good material and a window that can provide maximum space when the window is opened is called a good egress window. According to experts, the right size casement window is a great egress window.

Thrasher Egress Window Cost

Egress windows can be fitted using different material with different types. So its price also varies. The cost depends on the type of window and where it is installed. It costs more if the basement egress window is to be installed and less if it is to be installed elsewhere. Thresher company windows also vary. Thresher company window costs range from around $ 3000 to $ 7000.

Companies That Install Egress Windows

  1. Thrasher Egress Windows
  2. Pella Egress Windows
  3. Milgard Egress Windows

Types of Basement Egress Windows

  • Casement Egress Window.
  • Awning Egress Window.
  • Horizontal or Sliding Egress Window.

Basement Window Replacement Companies

  1. Thrasher Egress Windows
  2. Milgard Egress Windows
  3. Pella Egress Windows

Egress Window Installation Requirements in the USA

The window must be at least 5.7 square feet, 20 inches wide by 24 inches high. Its opening must be no higher than 44 inches from the floor. For basements, egress windows must be at least 36 inches in width and height and have a fully functioning opening.

Benefits of Egress Windows for Basement Safety

Basements can be unsafe because they lack access an escape route in case of emergency. Egress windows provide much-needed security. In case of a house fire they provide an escape route and an entry route in a house fire. A house fire can spread very quickly in a home, leaving not even three minutes to escape safely.

Egress Window Well Options and Design Ideas

  • 4 Wood. While more expensive than standard corrugated metal, window wells made out of wood provide a much more natural aesthetic.
  • 5 Bricks. Constructing a window well out of bricks instantly boosts your aesthetic by a few points.
  • 6 Stone Walls.
  • 7 Garden Stones.

Top-Rated Egress Window Installation Companies

However, I can offer some guidance on how to find reputable egress window installation companies:

  • Online Research: Use search engines, business directories, and review websites to find egress window installation companies in your area. Websites like Yelp, Google Maps, and Angie’s List can provide reviews and ratings from previous customers.
  • Read Reviews: Look for companies with positive reviews from previous clients. Pay attention to the overall satisfaction of customers and their comments about the quality of the installation and customer service.
  • Ask for Recommendations: Ask friends, family members, neighbors, or colleagues if they have any recommendations for egress window installation companies they’ve worked with.
  • Check Credentials: Ensure that the companies you’re considering are licensed, insured, and bonded. This is important for your protection and indicates that they meet industry standards.
  • Experience: Look for companies with a track record of experience in egress window installation. An established company is more likely to have the expertise needed for a successful installation.

Egress Window Regulations and Building Codes

The International Building Code advises that every bedroom must contain at least one egress window. The window must be at least 5.7 square feet, 20 inches wide by 24 inches high. Its opening must be no higher than 44 inches from the floor.

Define Egress Window

Egress windows are windows designed to provide an emergency exit in case of an emergency. They must meet certain size and operational requirements set out by the building code in order for them to be considered as an emergency exit.

Thrasher Basement Windows

However, I can provide some general information about basement window services and what you might consider when looking for a reputable provider like Thrasher:

  1. Company Background: Thrasher is known for its foundation repair, basement waterproofing, and related services. If they offer basement windows, you should explore their website or contact their customer service for specific information about their window products, installation process, and any reviews or testimonials from previous customers.
  2. Services Offered: Check whether Thrasher provides a comprehensive range of basement window services, including installation, replacement, egress window installation, and any other related services you might need.
  3. Experience: Look for a company with experience in basement window installations. Experienced companies are more likely to have the expertise required to ensure a successful and code-compliant installation.
  4. Quality of Products: Inquire about the quality of the basement windows they offer. High-quality windows are important for durability, energy efficiency, and security.
  5. Licensing and Insurance: Ensure that the company is properly licensed, insured, and bonded. This is important for your protection in case of any accidents or issues during the installation process.

Egress Window Types

  1. Double-Hung. Double-hung windows are a common egress window style found in both new and old homes.
  2. Sliding Windows. This style of egress windows opens from side to side, rather than up and down, acting similarly to a sliding door.
    Casement Windows.

Labor Cost to Install Egress Window

On average, labor costs can range from $40 to $100 per hour. This means that labor to install an egress window can range from $100 to over $1,000 per window. Labor costs can be higher if the window is being installed in an older home or if it requires additional work.

Egress Window Requirements for Bedroom

As you determine egress window size and placement, be aware that: The International Building Code advises that every bedroom must contain at least one egress window. The window must be at least 5.7 square feet, 20 inches wide by 24 inches high. Its opening must be no higher than 44 inches from the floor.

How to Calculate Egress Window Size?

Multiply the opening of your window (its width with its height), then convert the result to square feet. Example: You have a window 15 “wide by 36.2” high (or vice versa). Multiply 15 “x 36.2”, giving 543 “, which equals 3.77 ft2, the minimum area to meet.

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