Secure boot is a valuable security feature incorporated into modern Windows operating systems to protect against malicious software and unauthorized changes to the system. However, users may encounter issues with this feature, especially when trying to install a new operating system or update an existing one. One common problem is the “Fix Secure Boot State Unsupported” error, which can prevent the system from booting up properly. In this article, we will delve into the causes of this error and provide practical solutions to help users fix the secure boot state and get their Windows system up and running again.
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How to Fix “Secure Boot State Unsupported” on Windows?
If you have encountered the error message “Secure Boot State Unsupported” while using your Windows device, you may be wondering what caused it and how to fix it. This error typically occurs when the secure boot feature is not supported by your device’s hardware, or if it has been disabled in the BIOS. Secure boot is a security feature that helps protect the operating system from malware and other unauthorized software. In this article, we will explain the reasons behind this error and provide some solutions to fix it.
Reasons for “Secure Boot State Unsupported” error
There are several reasons why you may be facing the “Secure Boot State Unsupported” error on your Windows device.
1. Incompatible hardware: The secure boot feature is only supported by certain hardware, such as UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) compatible motherboards.
2. Disabling secure boot in BIOS: If secure boot has been disabled in the BIOS, you may encounter this error. This may have been done intentionally or accidentally.
3. Booting from external device: If you are trying to boot from an external device (such as a USB drive or CD) that is not secure boot enabled, you may see this error.
4. Corrupted system files: In some cases, system files may get corrupted or damaged, causing the secure boot feature to malfunction.
Now that we have identified the common causes of this error, let’s move on to the solutions to fix it.
Solution 1: Check UEFI compatibility
The first step to fixing this error is to check if your device’s hardware is compatible with UEFI. The secure boot feature is only supported by UEFI firmware, so if your device uses the older BIOS system, you may see this error. To check this, follow these steps:
1. Press the Windows key + R to open the Run dialog box.
2. Type “msinfo32” and press Enter.
3. This will open the System Information window. Look for the “BIOS Mode” entry under the System Summary section. If it says UEFI, then your hardware is compatible with secure boot. If it says Legacy, then your device does not support secure boot.
Solution 2: Enable secure boot in BIOS
If your hardware is UEFI compatible, the secure boot feature may have been accidentally disabled in the BIOS. To fix this, you will need to access the BIOS settings and enable secure boot. The steps to access the BIOS may vary depending on your device, but typically you will need to press a key (such as F2 or Del) when your device is starting up. Look for an option to enable secure boot and save any changes made before exiting the BIOS. Once done, reboot your device and check if the error has been resolved.
Solution 3: Use a UEFI bootable USB drive
Sometimes, the “Secure Boot State Unsupported” error may occur if you are trying to boot from an external device (such as a USB drive) that is not secure boot enabled. In this case, you can try using a UEFI bootable USB drive to boot your device. This will ensure that secure boot is enabled and you can bypass the error.
Solution 4: Repair system files
If the above solutions do not work, it is possible that your system files have become corrupted or damaged. You can use the System File Checker tool to scan and repair any damaged system files. Here’s how:
1. Open the Command Prompt as an administrator. To do
1. Check if your Device Meets the Hardware Requirements for Device Encryption
Device encryption is an essential security measure that protects your sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized parties. It works by securing all the files and folders on your device, making them unreadable without the correct encryption key or password. However, not all devices have the hardware capabilities to support device encryption. In this article, we will explore how to check if your device meets the hardware requirements for device encryption.
1. Operating System Compatibility
The first thing to consider when checking if your device is compatible with device encryption is the operating system it is running on. Most modern operating systems such as Windows, macOS, iOS, and Android come with built-in encryption features. However, older versions or custom operating systems may not have this capability. Make sure to check if your device is running on a supported operating system before proceeding with the hardware check.
Your device’s processor is an essential component when it comes to device encryption. It should be powerful enough to handle the encryption and decryption processes without significantly impacting the device’s performance. The minimum requirement for a processor to support encryption is usually 1 GHz or higher. You can check your device’s processor type and speed by going to the system settings or using a third-party application.
3. Random Access Memory (RAM)
Random Access Memory (RAM) is another critical hardware component that affects device encryption. Your device’s RAM should be sufficient to handle the encryption process without causing any lag or delays. In most cases, the minimum RAM requirement for device encryption is 2GB. You can check your device’s RAM size by going to the system settings or using a third-party application.
4. Storage Space
One of the main purposes of device encryption is to protect your data from being accessed by unauthorized parties. Therefore, your device should have enough storage space to store all your encrypted files. The minimum requirement for storage space usually depends on the size and number of files you have. However, it is recommended to have at least 500GB of storage for device encryption to work efficiently.
5. Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
TPM is a dedicated microchip that stores encryption keys and helps secure the process of encryption. It is a hardware requirement for device encryption on Windows and can be found on most modern devices. However, not all devices come with TPM, and you may need to purchase an external one if your device does not have it.
In conclusion, to check if your device meets the hardware requirements for device encryption, you need to consider the operating system, processor, RAM, storage space, and TPM. If your device meets all these requirements, you can enable device encryption to keep your sensitive data safe from prying eyes. However, if your device does not meet the hardware requirements, you may need to upgrade or consider an alternative security solution.
2. Check Secure Boot
Device manufacturers often equip their devices with Secure Boot, which is a security feature that protects the operating system from potential malware attacks during startup. However, some users may encounter issues with Secure Boot, such as not being able to install certain operating systems or drivers. To check if Secure Boot is enabled on your device, follow these steps:
1. Go to your device’s BIOS menu. The method to access the BIOS menu may vary depending on your device, but it is usually by pressing a specific key (such as F2 or DEL) during startup.
2. Once in the BIOS menu, look for the Secure Boot option. It may be under the Security or Boot tab, depending on your device’s BIOS menu layout.
3. If Secure Boot is enabled, you will see it labeled as “Enabled” or “On” next to the option. If it is disabled, it will be labeled as “Disabled” or “Off”.
4. If Secure Boot is enabled and you are experiencing issues with installing certain operating systems or drivers, you can disable it by changing the setting to “Disabled” or “Off”. However, keep in mind that disabling Secure Boot may make your device more vulnerable to security threats.
5. Save any changes you have made to the BIOS and exit the menu. Your device will restart and Secure Boot will either be enabled or disabled, depending on the changes you made.
It is important to note that some devices may not have the option to disable Secure Boot or may require specific steps for disabling it. In such cases, it is best to consult your device’s manual or the manufacturer’s website for more information.
In conclusion, Secure Boot is an essential security feature that helps protect your device from potential threats during startup. However, if you encounter any issues related to it, you can easily check if it is enabled or disabled on your device and make necessary changes to ensure a smooth operation.
3. Check TPM (Trusted Platform Module)
As technology continues to advance, security has become a top priority for companies and individuals alike. One aspect of security that has gained attention in recent years is the Trusted Platform Module (TPM).
The TPM is a security chip that is typically installed on a computer’s motherboard. It is a specialized microcontroller that provides hardware-based security features such as encryption, authentication, and secure boot. The TPM can be found in most modern laptops and desktops and plays a crucial role in keeping sensitive data protected.
Here are three key points to know about TPM:
1. Key Role in Encryption
Encryption is the process of converting plain text into a secret code, making it unreadable to anyone without proper authorization. TPM plays a vital role in encryption by generating and storing unique encryption keys, which are used to decode encrypted data. These keys are inaccessible to hackers and can only be accessed by authorized users, making the data more secure.
2. Enhances Security Measures
One of the significant advantages of TPM is that it enhances a computer’s overall security measures. It provides a secure environment for storing sensitive data, protects against unauthorized software and firmware tampering, and ensures that only trusted software is allowed to execute on the system. This helps to prevent attacks, such as malware and viruses, from compromising the system’s integrity.
3. Enables Secure Boot
Secure boot is a security feature that ensures the computer’s firmware, drivers, and operating system are all digitally signed and verified by a trusted authority before being allowed to boot. This prevents hackers from inserting malicious code into the system during startup. The TPM helps to facilitate secure boot by storing the digital signatures and verifying them during the boot process, preventing unauthorized changes to the system.
In addition to these key points, TPM also plays a crucial role in password management and secure storage of sensitive credentials. It is also used in functions such as Windows BitLocker and Secure Boot on Mac devices.
In conclusion, the Trusted Platform Module is an essential component in modern computer security. It enhances security measures, enables secure boot, and plays a key role in encryption, making it a valuable tool in protecting sensitive data. As technology continues to advance, the TPM will only become more critical in keeping our digital lives secure.
4. Change Your BIOS Mode from Legacy to UEFI
When it comes to computers, the term “BIOS” is often thrown around, but what exactly does it mean? BIOS, or Basic Input/Output System, is a small program that is stored on a chip in your computer’s motherboard. It is responsible for controlling the communication between different hardware components and the operating system.
One of the key functions of the BIOS is to initialize the boot process of your computer. This means it is the first thing that starts up when you turn on your computer and is responsible for loading the operating system. In the past, BIOS used to be the only firmware used for this purpose. However, with advancements in technology, a new firmware called UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) has emerged.
BIOS has been around for decades and has its limitations. It can only work with certain hardware components and has a limited graphical user interface. On the other hand, UEFI is a more modern and advanced firmware that offers better security features, faster boot times, and support for larger hard drives. It also has a more user-friendly interface, making it easier to configure and troubleshoot.
If you have an older computer, it is likely that it is still using BIOS. However, if you are planning to upgrade your hardware or install a new operating system, it is highly recommended to switch from legacy BIOS to UEFI. This will not only improve your overall computing experience but also ensure that your computer is up to date with the latest technology.
So, how do you change your BIOS mode from legacy to UEFI? The process may vary slightly depending on your computer’s manufacturer, but the general steps are as follows:
1. Check if your computer supports UEFI: Before attempting to change your BIOS mode, make sure your computer’s hardware is compatible with UEFI. Most modern computers support UEFI, but it is always best to check with your manufacturer’s website.
2. Backup important data: Switching BIOS modes can sometimes cause data loss, so it is crucial to back up your important files before proceeding.
3. Access the BIOS: Turn on your computer and press the designated key to access the BIOS. This can be different for each computer, but it is typically the F2 or Delete key.
4. Find the Legacy/UEFI Boot options: Look for a section in the BIOS settings called “Boot” or “Startup” and find the option that says “Boot Mode” or “Boot Configuration.” If you can’t find these options, refer to your computer’s manual or check online for specific instructions.
5. Change the mode from Legacy to UEFI: Once you have located the Boot Mode option, change it from Legacy to UEFI. Save the changes and exit the BIOS.
6. Reboot your computer: Your computer will now restart, and the new UEFI firmware will be loaded.
If you encounter any problems after changing the BIOS mode, you can always go back to the BIOS and switch it back to Legacy. However, in most cases, switching to UEFI should not cause any issues and will greatly improve your computer’s performance.
In conclusion, switching your BIOS mode from Legacy to UEFI may seem like a daunting task, but it is a relatively simple process that can greatly benefit your computer. It is always recommended to stay up to date with technology, and by making this small change, you can ensure your computer is running at its best.
5. Check Modern Standby Support
Modern Standby (MS) is a new power-saving feature that was introduced in Windows 10. It is a major upgrade from the traditional sleep mode and has been designed to provide users with an instantaneous and reliable experience upon resume.
One of the significant capabilities of MS is the ability to maintain network connectivity even in a low-power state. This is made possible through the network adapter that stays partially powered on, allowing for important tasks such as receiving incoming emails or performing updates in the background.
If you are a Windows 10 user, you may be wondering whether your device supports this innovative feature. Well, here are some ways to check for Modern Standby support on your system:
1. Hardware Compatibility: The first step in checking for MS support is to ensure that your device is equipped with the necessary hardware components. These include an SSD drive for fast booting, a UEFI 2.4.0 or higher firmware, and an InstantGo-certified power controller.
2. Windows 10 Version: MS is available only on Windows 10 Professional and Enterprise editions. Check your device’s Windows version to determine if it is supported for Modern Standby.
3. Power Options: To manually check for MS support, go to Control Panel > Power Options > Change plan settings > Change advanced power settings. If your system supports MS, you will see the ‘Sleep > Allow hybrid sleep’ option in the list.
4. CMD Prompt: You can also use the Command Prompt to determine if your device is compatible with MS. Open the CMD prompt and type ‘powercfg /a’. This command will show a list of available sleep states, and if ‘Standby (S0 Low Power Idle)’ appears, it means that your system supports Modern Standby.
5. Modern Standby Compatible Logo: For those who are still unsure, Microsoft has introduced a ‘Modern Standby Compatible’ logo for devices that meet the MS requirements. If you come across a device with this logo, you can rest assured that it supports MS.
In conclusion, MS is a game-changing feature that offers improved performance and better battery life. With these simple ways to check for Modern Standby support, you can make the most of this feature and enjoy an always-connected and efficient Windows experience.
In conclusion, fixing the Secure Boot State Unsupported error on Windows requires a thorough understanding of the underlying cause and careful execution of the appropriate steps. By following the solutions mentioned in this article, users can effectively resolve this issue and ensure that their system is secure and running smoothly. It is important to regularly update the system and keep all drivers and software up to date to prevent such errors from occurring in the future. With a little effort and the right knowledge, users can overcome the Secure Boot State Unsupported error and continue using their Windows operating system without any hindrances.